The Indonesian Update — Volume XVII , No.11 – November, December 2023 (English Version)

The November – December 2023 edition of the Indonesian Update highlights a main report regarding the commemoration of the 16 Days of Anti-Violence against Women Campaign. Women and children are groups of the society that are vulnerable to being affected by conflicts, including social conflict. It is important to encourage collaborative and synergistic efforts from governments at various levels and other relevant stakeholders to anticipate and address the problems faced by women and children in social conflicts.

In the economic sector, the Indonesian Update raises the issue of the Russian-Ukrainian and Israeli-Palestinian conflicts that have a significant domino effect on the Indonesian economy. Therefore, the Government through the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources can reduce oil dependence through the development of electric vehicles and attract investors that collaborate with the Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs and Investment and the Ministry of Investment in new and renewable energy projects.

 Next, we also discuss the analysis of environments and economic visions and missions of the presidential and vice presidential candidate pairs for the 2024 Elections. The presidential and vice presidential candidate pairs that will compete in the upcoming 2024 Elections have issued their visions, missions and programs. However, the missions and programs related to the environment and economy offered are still normative and limited.

In the legal field, the Indonesian Update addresses accessibility and assistance for people with disabilities at polling stations in KPU regulations. In order to encourage inclusive Simultaneous Elections and Pilkada in 2024, it is important for the KPU to equip the PKPU for Voting and Counting and PKPU PPU with specifications and criteria for mobility tools and facilities for people with disabilities to make it easier for KPPS to implement them at their respective polling stations. Apart from that, we also discuss the regulations and policies for registering indigenous peoples in the final electoral voter list. This is important as the existence of indigenous peoples must be truly recognized and respected as regulated in Article 18B paragraph (2) of the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia, including in fulfilling the political rights of indigenous peoples in elections.

Next, in the legal field we discuss crucial issues of neutrality of the State Civil Service in general elections. This is important as there is the possibility and opportunity for public officials who do not have integrity to direct the use of state budgets and goods for electoral political interests. Then, still in the legal field, we also discuss the implementations of Law 20/2023 that give hope, not only to the reforms of bureaucracy, but also to the implementations of  transformation. The problem of honorary staff must be resolved by prioritizing the principles of transparency, consistency and sustainability.

In the political field, the Indonesian Update highlights the lessons learned from the Philippines regarding dynasty politics. Even though the political rights of citizens are regulated in Article 28 E paragraphs (2) and (3) of the Constitution, the emergence of dynasty political practices has created concerns regarding inequality in the distribution of power. In the context of a democratic system, imperfect distribution of power can produce absolute power and damage democratic values. Next, we examine the relevance of the parliamentary threshold to the presidential system and the effectiveness of policy formulation, as well as the existence of popular sovereignty.

Next, we also discuss voter participation in the 2024 elections after the determination of the presidential and vice presidential candidates, as the benchmark for election success is the level of voter participation. Ahead of the 2024 Simultaneous Regional Elections and Pilkada, several efforts are needed to encourage the increasing of the quantity and quality of voter participation, as well as creating meaningful democracy for all Indonesian people.

It is hoped that the monthly publication of the Indonesian Update with current themes will help policy makers in government and business institutions – as well as academic circles, think tanks and elements of civil society, both at home and abroad, to obtain actual information and contextual analysis about economic conditions, politics, social and law in Indonesia, as well as an understanding of public policy in Indonesia.

Happy reading.

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