The January 2023 edition of the Indonesian Update raises a main report on optimism and challenges for the Indonesian economy in 2023. Indonesia may be optimistic due to the achievements it has achieved in 2022. However, there are a number of challenges looming in 2023 that should be watched out for, especially in the monetary and fiscal sectors.
In the legal field, the Indonesian Update raises Government Regulation in Lieu of Law Number 2/2022 on Job Creation (Perppu Cipta Kerja), which was issued on 30 December 2022. Next, we discuss the polemics over the Draft Criminal Code (RKUHP), which requires concrete steps from legislators to evaluate the Criminal Code and to change the multiple interpretations of the articles in the Criminal Code. Furthermore, legislators must open up space for meaningful public participation in order to improve the Criminal Code, which does not threaten the space for civil liberties in Indonesia.
In the political field, the Indonesian Update raises the issue of President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) admitting that there were 12 incidents of serious human rights (HAM) violations that had occurred in the past. This has marked a new chapter in solving serious human rights cases in the past. Next, we discuss the phenomenon of politicians changing political parties in Indonesia. In addition, we review the discourse on changing the proportional electoral system from an open list to a closed list. However, whatever the model of the electoral system that will be implemented, the most important thing that needs to be done is to improve the internal democracy quality of political parties.
It is hoped that the monthly publication of the Indonesian Update with current themes will help policy makers in government and business institutions – as well as academics, think tanks and elements of civil society, both domestic and foreign, to obtain actual information and contextual analysis on economic conditions. political, social, and legal in Indonesia, as well as an understanding of public policy in Indonesia.